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Knights Templar History

Knights Templar Timeline


This is a work in progress, a brief chronology of the Knights Templar history, mostly based on Sean Martin’s timeline. Visitors who like this page might also enjoy: History of the Knights Templar at a glance.

c.1070 Birth of Hugues de Payen; Foundation of the Hospitallers
1095 (November) Pope Urban II calls for a crusade to recapture Jerusalem
1099 (July) Jerusalem taken by the First Crusade
1104 Hugh of Champagne arrives in Outremer (possibly with Hugues de Payen)
1114 Bishop of Chartres refers to a military order called the ‘Militia of Christ’
c.1119 The Order of the Knights Templar founded (traditional date)
1120 (January) Council of Nablus:The Order of the Knights Templar recognized in the East
1127 Presumed first meeting between Hugues de Payen and St Bernard de Clairvaux
1129 (January) Council of Troyes.The Latin Rule of the Temple adopted
1130 Hugues de Payen arrives in Jerusalem with new recruits.
1131 In Praise of the New Knighthood by St Bernard de Clairvaux
1135 Earliest records of Templars’ banking activities
c.1136 Death of Hugues de Payen (possibly 1131); Hospitallers become a military order
1136–37 Templars first established in the Amanus March
1139 Papal bull “Omnes datum optimum”
1144 Papal bull “Milites templi”
1145 Papal bull “Militia Dei”
1147–49 The Second Crusade
1148–49 Templars granted Gaza
1153 Fall of Ascalon to the Crusaders
1160s Hierarchical statutes added to the Rule
Late 1160s Statutes on conventual life, the holding of chapters, and penances added to the Rule
1168 Templars refuse to participate in the Egyptian campaign
1173 Assassin envoy to Amalric murdered by a group of Templars
1174 Saladin comes to power in Syria
1187 (1 May) Battle of the Springs of Cresson (4 July) Battle of Hattin (2 October) Jerusalem falls to Saladin
1188 Council of Gisors: the ‘Cutting of the Elm’
1189–92 The Third Crusade
1192 Templars move their headquarters to Acre
1191–92 Templars occupy – and for a short time, own – Cyprus
1191–1216 Templars and Leo of Armenia in conflict over the Amanus March
1198 Foundation of the Teutonic Knights
1202–04 The Fourth Crusade
1208 Innocent III accuses the Templars of necromancy; Start of the Albigensian Crusade
1217–21 Building of the castle of ’Atlit (Pilgrim’s Castle)
1218–21 The Fifth Crusade
1228–29 Crusade of Frederick II
1239–40 Crusade of Theobald of Champagne
1240–41 Crusade of Richard of Cornwall
1240 Rebuilding of Safad begins
1241–42 Siege of the Hospital compound at Acre
1243 Eviction of Imperial forces from Tyre
1244 (16 March) Fall of Cathar stronghold at Montségur (23 August) Loss of Jerusalem (17 October) Battle of La Forbie
1248–54 Crusade of St Louis
1250 (8 February) Battle of Mansurah
1257–67 Additional clauses on penances added to the Rule
1266 Fall of Safad to the Mamluks
After 1268 Catalan Rule of the Templars
1268 Baybars takes Jaffa and destroyes Antioch
1271–72 Crusade of Edward of England – truce negotiated with Mamluks
1274 Council of Lyon
1277 Maria of Antioch sells her rights to the throne of Jerusalem to Charles of Anjou
1277–82 Civil War in Tripoli
1291 (May) Fall of Acre to the Mamluks (August) Templars evacuate Tortosa and ’Atlit
1299 Fall of La Roche Guillame
1300 Templars attack Egyptian coastal towns
1300–01 Abortive attempt to retake the Holy Land
1302 Loss of Ruad and massacre of the Templar garrison
1305 First allegations made against the Order by Esquin de Floyran
1306 Templars support Amaury in coup in Cyprus; Jacques de Molay returns to the West
1307 (13 October) Arrest of the Templars in France
(19 October) Parisian hearings begin
(24 October) Jacques de Molay’s first confession
(22 November) Pastoralis praeeminentiae calls for Templars everywhere to be arrested
(24 December) De Molay retracts his confession before Papal committee
1308 (February) Clement suspends proceedings (27 June) 72 Templars confess before Clement
(August) Papal Commissions launched; De Molay interviewed at Chinon
1309 (22 November)Papal commission begins its proceedings
(26 & 28 November) De Molay appears before commission
1310 (April) Templar defense begins
(10 May) Burning of 54 Templars as relapsed heretics near Paris
1311 (5 June) Papal hearings finally end
(16 October) Council of Vienne begins
1312 (22 March) Papal bull “Vox in excelso” abolishes the Temple
(2 May) “Ad providam” transfers Temple property to the Hospital
(6 May) “Considerantes dudum” allows provincial councils to judge cases
1314 (18 March) Jacques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney burnt at the stake in Paris
(20 April) Pope Clement V dies
(24 June) Battle of Bannockburn
(29 November)Philip the Fair dies
1319 “Ad ea exquibis” recognises the Knights of Christ
1571 Presumed destruction of the Templar archive on Cyprus by the Ottomans

2 comments… add one

  • Greg Hart

    would like to know more about washington monument timeline.

  • morgan

    you could just put the important dates

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