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Knights Templar wealth and power – a typical will

capitulaireAlphonse Jourdain, count of Toulouse lays down legal grounds for donations to the Order of the Knights Templar:

Anno ab incarnatione Domini MCXXXIIII. Ego, Idelfonsus, comes Tolosanus. do et offero Deo et militibus Xpisti qui in Templo Salomonis Deo serviunt et civitatem sanctam cum habitatoribus custodiunt, advenientes quoque et redeuntes defendunt, tantam potestatem et licenciam in omni terra mea, quantam in partibus orientis a rege Iherosolimitano, a principe Antiocetio et a comite Tripolitano habent, videlicet ut quisquis in omni provincia mea aut se ipsum aut pecuniam aut terram aut villam aut castellum aut etiam civitatem vel aliquid horum que a me feualiter tenent eis dare voluerit, et ipse dare, nullo calumpniante. et ipsi accipere libere possint, ut in eternum domus militum lherosolimitana possideat ac vice hereditario in perpetuum teneat, nulli pro his nisi Deo soli serviens. Factum et confirmatum est donum istud in curia Sancte Marie de Podio, in die assumptionis ejusdem, cernentibus et audientibus istis Guillelnimo, episcopo Podiensi, Raimundo Berengario, comite Barchinonensi, Guillelmo de Monte Pessulano, Rotgerio Biterrensi, Rostagno de Sabrano et multis aliis.

In the year of (Our) Lord’s incarnation 1134. I, Alphonse, count of Toulouse, devote and offer to God and to the Knights of Christ who serve the Lord in the Temple of Solomon, guarding the holy city with its inhabitants and protecting those who enter and leave it, the same authority and rights in my entire realm as they have received in the regions of the East from the king of Jerusalem, the prince of Antioch and the count of Tripoli. Namely, if anyone in my entire domain should want to offer to them either himself or money, or land, or a village, or a castle, or even a town or any part thereof that he holds from me, according to feudal laws, he may give, as long as there is no cunningness, and they may freely receive (that donation), so that the house of the knights in Jerusalem may be in possession of it eternally and keep it forever in a manner of inheritance, accountable for it only to God. Done and confirmed in the court of St. Mary of Puy, on the day of Her Assumption, with the following observing and hearing: Guillaume, bishop of Puy, Raymond Berenger, count of Barcelone, Guillaume of Montpellier, Roger of Beziers, Rostagno of Sabran and many others.

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